Moles are unique creatures that spend their lives underground, constantly digging to hunt and navigate under the earth's surface. Their digging habits notoriously destroy lawns, gardens, and golf courses, frustrating home, and business owners. Below, learn more about their habitat, diet, and how to identify mole damage.
Fossorial by nature, moles live and forage underground in broad systems of burrows and tunnels. Because they prefer to dig in soil that is loose and moist, they are most abundant in fields, meadows, orchards, and forests with plenty of shady vegetation that provides this type of underground environment.
One solitary mole's range can extend up to 2.7 acres. A mole's underground territory consists of large, complex burrow systems with separate areas for living and for hunting.
Moles are insectivores, eating 70-100% of their weight in worms, grubs, and insects each day. In order to hunt down their ground-dwelling prey, moles constantly excavate, leaving behind a series of tunnels. This digging requires a tremendous amount of energy, which may explain the mole's voracious appetite.
A mole's diet consists of large amounts of small invertebrates like:
Activity: Moles are active throughout the daytime and nighttime. Although moles are active year-round, they tend to exhibit less foraging activity in extreme heat or cold. They are most active after periods of rain or watering when the soil texture is ideal for digging.
Reproduction: The mating season begins in late winter. Gestation lasts about 42 days, after which time females give birth to 2-5 young. Baby moles become independent from their mothers after about a month of age.
Social Interaction: Most moles are solitary animals, only socializing when they reproduce. The star-nosed mole is the only species thought to live in colonies. Within the other species, mole populations may range from 1 mole per 6 acres to up to 5 moles per 1 acre.
Digging: Moles spend most of their time digging tunnels in search of worms and grubs to eat. When digging these tunnels, moles tend to follow manmade edges like fence lines or building foundations. Periodically moles will pause to push the loosened soil to the surface, resulting in the creation of molehills.
Identify Mole Damage
Some gardeners find moles beneficial because they prey on many destructive insects and their digging helps to aerate the soil. However, many people feel that the damage moles cause to their lawns outweigh any benefits they provide.
Signs of mole damage include:
molehills: cone-shaped mounds of soil about 6-24 inches in diameter and 2-8 inches high; entrances softly plugged and not readily visible
mole runs: irregular trails/ridges of pushed-up soil about 3 inches wide caused by tunneling
Moles can dig tunnels at a speed of up to 15 feet per hour.
Although moles may look like mice and rats, they are not rodents. Instead, they are insectivores - more closely related to bats.
Just like pigs, male moles are called "boars" and female moles are called "sows".
Unique adaptations in the hemoglobin of moles allow them to survive underground with low levels of oxygen and high levels of carbon dioxide.
In cold and/or dry weather, moles will often dig deeper into the ground, following their food source.
A mole's saliva contains a toxin that paralyzes worms, allowing them to gather and store food for consumption later on.
Moles are some of the only animals that can smell in stereo. This means they can detect odors immediately as well as determine the direction from which they are traveling. Smelling in stereo is a great advantage for moles because it allows them to quickly and accurately locate food and predators.
Moles are often blamed for the eating of roots and seeds, but moles are insectivores that almost never eat plants or plant matter. Other plant-eating animals like voles will use the hunting tunnels left behind by moles, and generally, they are the true culprits. However, as a result of tunneling, moles can dislodge plant roots and kill the grass.
How to get rid of mole troubles
Aosion has focused on pest control products since the year 2007.
During the years, we keep developing physical ways to keep these animals without harm them.
To keep them away with vibrating and sonic wave, which would make them feel unsafety and move away.
If you want to know more details, please click HERE
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