How to get rid of rats?

Date: 06,12,2021

Author: Aosion

Since ancient times, rats have had a complicated relationship with humans and are one of the most famous pest species.

Each continent has its own native rats and rodents, but different species spread and adapted to life around the world with trade and migration.
When they stay in nature, all this is fine, but when rats are too comfortable in your home and yard, it can have serious consequences.
This can be particularly disturbing if you don't want to hear rats running over the walls of your bedroom at night.
So how did the rat fall into the wall? What can you do?
It is important to have a rat-free environment.

In this article, you will learn more about how to eliminate rats and live in a clean and safe environment.

What are rats?

Rats are medium-sized rodents.
They are roughly divided into two types; brown rats, also known as Norwegian rats, and house rats, also known as black rats, boat rats, or roof rats, which climb branches.
They are sometimes confused with mice, which are also rodents, despite their smaller size.

Rats like to chew and they can chew many things, whether it is soft concrete, aluminum, wood, or hard concrete.
Because they need to wear their teeth, they (teeth) never stop growing.
The characteristics of rats are dirty, they are well-known disease carriers and can be used as Zoonotic carriers of certain pathogens to spread diseases,
such as Bubonic plague, Lassa fever, Leptospirosis, Hantavirus infection, etc.

One of the main reasons they are considered to be one of the most troublesome pests is their incredible reproduction rate.
Rats start breeding as early as five weeks old and last for about two years.
Female rats can mate up to 500 times in just 6 hours, while brown rats can give birth to as many as 2,000 babies a year—up to 22 pups in a litter.
Considering that its gestation period is less than one month, it is easy to see how quickly the population is out of control.
So that rats have become unpopular creatures in any human environment.

How long can the rats live?

It depends on the environment, species, and luck, pet rats have lived for up to four years under the best care, nutrition, and suitable environment.
However, these are luxury items that wild rats cannot count on, which suggests that they have a relatively short lifespan.
The mortality rate of rats in the early stages of life is quite high, and in the longer-lived species, less than half of the rats will live to one year old.
Some common rats can live up to about a year, while others can often live up to two years.
However, even in these species, it is rare to see their living to three years old in the wild.

In a word, the answer to "how long can a mouse live" is "not very long."
In other words, whether a rat has a life span of only one year or three years, it can reproduce many times.
The fast pace of their life cycle means that even if the mortality rate of young rats is high, ordinary they will have tens or hundreds of offspring to reach sexual maturity.

What does the rat need?

The answer only is very little.
Rats are everywhere, so it is difficult to control them.
As long as they have the following three things, they will thrive:

Rats can survive for a month or more without directly drinking water.
This is because they have taken in enough water in the food they eat, when they need to drink water, rats can usually find enough water in condensed water in sewers, pet utensils, or pipes or walls.

Rats are omnivores, so they will eat anything they can eat.
Although rats are best known for cleaning up garbage and eating abandoned food, some rats kill small animals such as birds and lizards for food.

In the wild, rats can get the shelter they need from weeds, grasses, and other plants.
At home, rats will hide under furniture, behind walls or in dark, seldom used corners of the house.
They are also known for making nests inside and under appliances.

Signs of rats in your home.

1. You see them
Rats are usually inactive during the day, if you see one during the day, it may mean that there is a large pest nearby.

2. Strange smells and sounds
Rats emit a strong smell of ammonia. They are also very loud-they will squeak, scrape and rustle as they move around your home.
Attention to any of these signs indicates that there are rats in the building.

3. Stool and smear
Rats leave feces when they move around your house, you may notice small, black pellets of feces in the main pathway of the mouse.
Because rats have poor eyesight, they will also create and maintain established routes along the walls.
When they do, they leave faeces and urine in your home, increasing your risk of exposure to disease.

4. Footprints
Think you might have the rat problems? Look at a dusty corner of the house that is rarely used.
Rats often leave footprints and tail marks where they travel, when they drive along these routes, they leave grease and stains along the walls.

Tip: If you are not sure whether there are rat nearby, sprinkle a small layer of baking soda on the floor and check for new traces in the morning.

5. Damaged
Last but not least, rats will leave damage behind them.
They may bite off wires, gnaw on furniture, storage containers or paper, and eat food on the counter.

In addition to the above signs, you may also see live or dead mice somewhere in your home.

What is the danger of rats?

For such a small animal, rats can cause major damage to the family.
In addition to spreading diseases and threatening the health of everyone living in the house, rats can also...

· Cause structural damage to wood, gypsum board, insulating materials, and other building materials.
· Biting electrical wires increases the risk of fire and electric shock. Experts estimate that rats and rats cause about 20-25% of the house and structural fires each year.
· Destroy furniture by digging holes in the mat and tearing off cotton balls, destroying books, documents, and clothes
· Make noise, make it difficult for you to fall asleep or relax at home.
· Nested in the wall, under the sink, or even in electrical appliances-such as the back of a refrigerator or the bottom of a washing machine.

Although no rat injury is good, a large number of rats will quickly cause expensive and irreversible damage in your home.

How to quickly eliminate rats in the house?

1. Carefully check all entry points and seal gaps in the home
Although this technique may not necessarily get rid of existing rats, it can prevent more rats from entering your home.
Rats can enter your home without a large entrance, it is recommended to fill them with steel wool, metal skirting board, cement, or caulk, and check them frequently to make sure they are in good condition.

2. Close the lid of the trash can
It is important to ensure that the lid of the trash can is always closed tightly.
Whenever an opportunity comes, rats will look for food, this means they can use your trash can as a reliable source of food.
Keep this in mind when it comes to indoor and outdoor garbage containers.

3. Remove any water source
Sometimes, the water source for rats may come from the most unexpected places, even a leaky toilet or pipe can provide enough water for the rats to survive.
Inventory your pipeline and make sure there are no leaks, cutting off the water will eventually drive the rats away.

4. Clean and organize to get rid of the chaos
Rats can certainly enter a clean home, but the advantage here is that they don't have so many places to hide.
If you have a lot of debris around your home, now is the time to take action.
This includes areas such as garages and lofts, even the clutter in the spare bedroom can provide a shelter for rats.
A tidy home can not only help scare them out of hiding, but it can also help you better understand how the space looks and feels.

5. Use electronic rat repellers. Non-toxic; Environmentally friendly; Harmless to humans and animals; Easy to use

6. Use traps
Entrapment is a non-toxic method of killing rats, all you have to do is use some peanut butter, unsalted seeds, bananas, or apples as bait.
If you use this method, be sure to place traps where you think rats will gather.

7. Try natural deterrence
As with most pest infestations, you can try some natural insect repellents, using ingredients you may already have in your home.
For rats, you can try sprinkling peppermint oil, chili, black pepper, or cloves around the exterior walls of the house to prevent them from entering.
Inside, you can try to sprinkle crushed pepper or spray pepper spray near the mouse hole, which will irritate its nose and respiratory tract.

8. Avoid DIY mousetraps and poisons
If you want to eliminate rat in your home, don't rely on mousetraps and poisons.
Although this can kill mice quickly, it has not found the source of the problem.
Even if you set a trap, rats will continue to enter your home, they can continue to reproduce, but the infestation problem will only get worse.
(In addition, please pay attention to whether the local law allows it to be used)
Not to mention, rat poison is highly toxic and harmful to children and pets.

Of course, you can try an electronic rodent killer

9. Call a professional pest management company

How to get rid of rats outdoors?

Even if you eliminate the rats in your house, if there are rats outside your house, it will not last long.
With the advent of winter, rats began to enter the home looking for shelter and food, especially the situation.
With this in mind, the following are important tips for you to eliminate them in your living spaces.

1. Keep your garden clean
Rats don't like open spaces, so keep your lawn and garden neatly manicured, clean, and tidy, this is the best way to stop them from opening a shop.
Prune your grass frequently, remove piles of wood or leaves, close and lock all storage sheds, repair any holes in the wall panels and seal the external trash can.
Finally, make sure that the rats cannot get food outside your home, and clean up the fallen fruits, vegetables, or pet and bird food in the garden.

These simple methods will greatly help reduce the number of rats.

2. Calling the birds
Rats have many natural enemies, and inviting these natural enemies into your yard is a good way to get rid of them.
For example, an owl can eat dozens of mice in one night, to attract owls and other birds of prey, focus on creating suitable habitats.
Add water sources (such as bird pots) to your garden and consider building nest boxes.

Tip: Avoid placing bird feed to attract birds, in addition to the fact that rats have enough food, leaving birdseed, suet, or other materials outside will create another food source that may attract more rats to your property.

3. Use dry ice
An effective way to get rid of rats without toxicity is to use dry ice.
Dry ice produces carbon dioxide, which can anesthetize and kill them, for best results, place dry ice at the entrance of the cave.
Always use gloves and other protective equipment, because dry ice can damage the skin.

4. Set up traps
Traps are one of the most effective ways to quickly eliminate rats, for best results, consider using a trap, which is a quick way to kill mice immediately.

To prevent other animals from entering the trap, place them in the box or under the milk box, use peanut butter to trap traps, peanut butter is cheap and attractive to them.
If you notice that rats eat certain foods in your home, you can consider using them to lure traps.
For example, they eating apples on the counter may respond well to traps set up with sliced apples.

The electronic rodent killer could also be used outside when it is not rainy.


Rats are pests as they are unwanted and a threat to clean and healthy living.
If you’re battling a rat infestation, we hope this article provides you with all the tips to address the problem.
Whether they’re in your house or your garden, believe this article will help you get rid of rats as quickly and easily as possible.


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